Monday, December 19, 2016

Tuesday, December 20th, 2016

Dear Mythology Students,

I hope you had a wonderful weekend! You guys only have THREE days until the break...MAKE THEM STRONG!

1. Students were offered the following "pocket question." Students were asked to use a 3x5 card for their response.
"Homer uses an "unconventional writing method" for The Odyssey." Assume your audience has no schema regarding The Odyssey, what does "unconventional methods" refer to, and why do you suppose Homer creates the epic in such a fashion?  

 2. Students continued with the storyboard regarding The Odyssey. Please communicate with someone in class, if you missed today's lesson. Students also watched two movie clips in order to guide them with visual understanding regarding some of the monsters that Odysseus faces in the poem.

You can watch the movie clips on your own.
sirens in oh brother where art thou (youtube)

1. Creative Project!!! Due Date is January 4th
2. Start preparing for Final Exam, scheduled for January10th
3. Please have your HW coupon with you on THursday!
4. Mythology textbooks are due on Jan. 6th, 2017


Mythology Exam...January 10th, 2017

You will see approximately 25  different pieces of artwork. Each drawing, painting, sketch, statue, etc. pertains to the areas of mythology we have discussed this semester. I will ask you specific questions about each overhead. For example, you may be asked to “identify the myth illustrated” or “identify the god,” or “explain what is taking place in the image, “ etc. The most important question that you will be asked is the following: What is the true meaning behind this myth? Explain your response.  The best way to completely prepare for your exam, is to go through each question below, as some aspect will appear on the test. In addition, you will be given vocabulary words given in context. If you complete the review below then 10 points will be added to your final exam score.

You may use ONE SIDE of a 3x5 card to assist you with some aspects that you might find difficult to recall. This is not required, but it's a nice form of  “insurance.” You are not penalized if you don't make the card, but if you need it, and you made it, then you can use it. 

One of my goals as your teacher is for you to apply what we have learned in class to the “real world.” So, if you are watching a film, listening to music spending time in a museum, reading a book, etc, and you see/hear references to mythology, you can identify them without hesitation. All of your exams will be application in nature.

Identify the Roman name, symbol(s) and domain(s) for the following Greek gods:

1. Aphrodite 5. Poseidon 9. Zeus 13. Apollo

2 Demeter 6. Hestia 10. Hephaestus 14. Hades

3. Artemis 7. Hermes 11. Athena

4.Ares 8. Dionysus 12. Hera 13. Dionysus 14. Persephone

NOTE: You need to have strong familiarity regarding the parents of each Olympian, and specifics concerning their births. In addition, you must be aware of relationships that the gods have with each other, and the result(s) of these associations. (Example: Poseidon is disrespectful towards Athena because her gift was chosen over his. Consequently, Medusa as we know her is created. (This, of course, is the abbreviated version).

Please respond using complete sentences:
15. Who are the Furies? Describe their roll, “birth,” and appearance.
16. Identify the significance of Greek drama to Mythology
17. Identify the characters associated with The Iliad, and their importance to plot progression.

. Plotline for  the following myths and their associated "truths."
“Pandora’s Box”
. “Arachne”
. “Prometheus”
. “Demeter and Persephone”
. “Daphne”
. “Echo and Narcissus”
. “Antigone”
"Orpheus and Eurydice"
The Odyssey.
The Iliad
Creation Myth

EXTRA-CREDIT due on January 6th, 2017

You may earn up to 20 points of XC...each film is worth 10 points of XC. For each film, please identify what is correct and incorrect about the director's mythological portrayal. Not all of the films are on Netflix, but they are available at the Orem Public Library.

  • Helen of Troy
  • Troy
  • Oh, Brother Where art Thou?
  • The Odyssey
  • Wrath of the Titans (This film pertains to the "Perseus" myth; I highly recommend you read the myth in your text BEFORE watching the movie).
  • Sinbad (cartoon)
  • Iphigenia 
  • What dreams by come (this film pertains to Hades)

Friday, December 16, 2016

Iliad Quiz #2

The Iliad Quiz #2

Read the question and thoroughly respond based upon the included image. YOU WILL NEED TO INCLUDE PAST EVENTS not depicted, and for some questions, FUTURE EVENTS, not depicted in the pieces, in order to fully answer the question. May the power of Athena be with you! 
1. Explain the SITUATIONAL IRONY associated with this image. Please identify the characters, and then "jump to the future."   In order to fully answer the question, you will need to be thorough in detailing the depicted event, and then the consequences that followed. (5)

2. This character is usually depicted "blind." or blind folded. Please identify her, and thoroughly explain the symbolism behind why she is blind. You will need to start at the "beginning" of her story. (5)

3. Explain why the depicted event is so important to The Odyssey's plot line. (5)

4,Explain why the depicted event is important for characterization. (5)

Thursday, December 8, 2016

Thursday, December 8th, 2016

Dear Mythology Kids,
If you missed class, we completed the following:

1. Achilles
2. Ajax (greater)
3. Ajax (the lesser)
4. Odysseus


Students were then introduced to a new assignment that is due on FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16th. Please the following information regarding the assignment. If you have questions, please communicate with me.

Mythology in Modern Culture
Due Date: ______________________________

Introduction: Mythology is everywhere! There are pieces of artwork, movies, TV shows, musical references, advertisements, business insignias, vocabulary, and literary references and allusions where classical mythology are used   Why are references from Classical Mythology stilled used in modern day culture? Why is having a background in mythology so useful for any audience?
1.       You are to locate a minimum of seven examples where mythology is used in modern day culture. Three of you examples must be vocabulary words.
·         Advertisements
·         Business Insignias /Company names
·         Vocabulary Words used within text (Three words are compulsory)
·         Film/Commercials
·         Cartoons/Comic Strips
·         Book Titles
·         Album covers
·         Business names
·         Artwork
·         Mythological Allusions/References used within literary work, anatomy/medicine, biology, and/ or mathematics.
2.     The internet  is OFF LIMITS!  You must locate the mythology in the “world around you!”  In fact,     a HARD COPY of each example must be submitted with your assignment.
3.    With each example, an explanation must accompany it that offers a lay person schema regarding the mythological connection. For example, if you locate the word SISYPHEAN used in a book, you must first thoroughly explain the story of Sisyphus. Then you must continue with offering an explanation as to WHY the artist, musician, film maker, poet, etc. chose to use mythology within his/her form of art. WHAT ARE THEY ATTEMPTING TO INDICATE THROUGH THE MYTHOLOGICAL REFERENCE or ALLUSION?
4. Each example must appear as a HARD COPY, and each explanation must be typed using MLA format (Times New Roman, 12 pts font). This assignment must be submitted in an organized, thorough, and neat fashion. I will show you what former students have submitted in previous years.
5. Please DO NOT repeat subject matter or sources. 

1. The above assignment, "Modern Day God," is due on Friday, December 16th! It can not be submitted late, as you have ample time to complete it.

2. QUIZ on MONDAY covering THE ILIAD. Review your pink plot line structure handout, and your goldenrod storyboard for the quiz.


Dear MKs, 
I am limited on the questions that I can offer you here, but this question is still valid for what to anticipate for the quiz on Monday. YOU WILL HAVE A FEW QUESTIONS THAT INVOLVE IMAGES.

1. The following images are part of a 'large puzzle." Please explain the connection between the three images, and why an audience needs schema regarding them. (6 xc points)



Wednesday, December 7, 2016

Tuesday, December 6th, 2016

Dear Mythology Kids!


We completed the following:
1. We learned a new vocabulary word: STYGIAN
Please communicate with a friend, or obtain the information on your own.

2. We finished correcting The Iliad #1 quiz.

3. We then obtained information for the following characters:



Let e know how I can help you! 

Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Wednesday,, November 30th, 2016

Dear Mythology Kids,
If you missed class, we complete the following:
1. Paris
2. Menelaus
3. Agamemnon
4. Clytemnestra

PRACTICE QUESTION (please note that all your questions will involve some type of multi-media or images associated with the characters we have studied and the action involving them. The most effective way to prepare is to go through your GOLDENROD handout that details each character, and make sure you have read the section in your text assigned for homework. The following question is an example of what you should anticipate for Friday's quiz.) Please respond to this question for your extra-credit regarding Friday's quiz.

The two events depicted in the pieces of artwork below do not occur within The Iliad; however, they do act as catalysts to events within the epic.  Why do you suppose Homer chose to only allude to the events depicted below, rather than “physically” including them as part of the text?

1. Quiz on Friday! 

Friday, December 2, 2016

ILIAD Quiz (Priam, Helen, Paris, Menelaus, Agamemnon, Clytemnestra, and iphigenia

Iliad Character Quiz #1

Questions 1,2 and 6 are REQUIRED! For questions 3, 4, and 5; however there a "catch.' Each of you has a number on your desk. That number indicates the question that you will answer from 3. 4 or 5. So if you have a #4 on your sticky note, then your focus will pertain to #4. Not only do you need to thoroughly respond to each question, but in doing so, please remember to identify the characters in the images.

 1. Why would Homer begin the Iliad with this event? (involves a clip)
2.   Why does this event act as the catalyst for The Iliad, even though it is only alluded to within the epic poem?

3. This moment offers the reader great insight regarding characterization for both men. Explain.

 4.  Why is this event important to the epic’s plot line?Focus on characterization within your response. 

5. This character is often referred to as a “heroine.” Explain.
 6. This sculpture “tells” an important story. You will need to go back in time to fully explain its significance. Two MEN, who are part of this story, are not included here. Please remember them in your explanation. In addition, make sure you explain why this event is so important for the Iliad’s plot progression and character development. (Compulsory)

Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Wednesday, November 30th, 2016

Dear Mythology Kids,

STOP MISSING CLASS! If you are sick, then please stay home and take
care of yourself. If you are missing class for school related reasons, then
please COMMUNICATE WITH ME BEFORE you leave. If you are 
missing class because you can't pull yourself out of bed, then STOP!
STOP! STOP! STOP! You need to go to bed earlier, set multiple
alarms, and then get yourself to class, cute kids! Advocate for
yourself in finding out what you missed! I expect you to 
be prepared when you return to class on Friday! 

What did I miss?

1, Everyone  took a "practice question" for the quiz on Friday. Each student present received 10 XC points. I suggest you look at the question, so you have some idea of what you missed. It is located on the previous post. If you missed class, you will not receive XC, but you can still have some idea of what of what to anticipate for Friday's quiz. ALL of your questions will involve IMAGES or some form of multi-media associated with THE ILIAD. The best way to study is to make sure you read pages 189-192, obtain the information you missed last class period from a friend (Have them share it with you verbally. DO NOT COPY THE INFORMATION), and review the storyboard we have been working on in class.

NOTE the additional practice quiz below! 

 2. You missed a vocabulary word.....CUPIDITY! Please have someone in class EXPLAIN the word to you.

3. We then proceeded to go through the following characters:

The above characters and then  Helen and Priam constitute your quiz on FRIDAY.


1. Please read "The Trojan War." You have this in your notebook; it is a light yellow handout that details what you already know, and then takes your knowledge a step further. Please annotate/notate the information.....10 for the front page....7 for the back may use any or all of your colors.
2. PREP for your QUIZ!  

Practice Quiz: 
Identify the character(s) referred to in the underlined text. Some questions will require greater explanation. Please do not use your notes, as that would be an integrity issue. Use this as a per-assessment, my young friends.

1 "....and he entered a friend's dwelling stealing away a woman."  
1__________ (he)_2__________(friend's)__3_________(woman) 
4. "The face that launched a thousand ships." 
__________ (the face)
4. Explain the allusion in #4.
5. "I kiss the hand of the man that has killed my sons." 
5._____________ (I)6. ___________ (man)
7."He angered the goddess with his arrogance and vanity."
_7________ (he) __8__________(explain "arrogance and vanity.")
9. "Venerable sir, it takes great courage to enter here, and kneel before me."
__9_____________(venerable sir....why use the word "venerable?"
10. "She was no murderer, but an executioner."
10.___________ (she)
11. If 11.I must kill my 12.child, the joy of my house, to progress a war, then I shall."
11. _______________ (I) 12________________ (child, joy of my house)

I look forward to seeing you on Friday! 

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Monday, November 28th, 2016

Dear Mythology Kids,

Welcome back! I hope you had an enjoyable Thanksgiving holiday. If you missed class,
we completed the following:

1. HELEN! I completed my presentation regarding Helen and her significance to the ILIAD.
2. The PRIAM group then shared their information with us. We read a section from the ILIAD involving Priam and Achilles, then watched this event portrayed through the genre of film.

This is the text that we read in class together. Please read it.

With these words,
Hermes went on his way, back to high Olympus.
Priam then climbed from his chariot to the ground.
He left Idaios there to tend the mules and horses. [470]
The old man went directly in the hut
where Achilles, dear to Zeus, usually sat. 580
He found Achilles there, with only two companions,
sitting some distance from him—warrior Automedon
and Alcimus, offshoot of the war god Ares—
busy attending him. He’d just completed dinner.
He’d had food and drink, but the table was still there.
The men did not see great Priam as he entered.
He came up to Achilles, then with his fingers
clasped his knees and kissed his hands, those dreadful hands,
man-killers, which had slain so many of his sons.
Just as sheer folly grips a man who in his own land 590 [480]
kills someone, then runs off to a land of strangers,
to the home of some rich man, so those who see him
are seized with wonder—that’s how Achilles then
looked on godlike Priam in astonishment.
The others were amazed. They gazed at one another.
Then Priam made his plea, entreating:

“Godlike Achilles,
remember your own father, who’s as old as me,
on the painful threshold of old age.
It may well be that those who live around him
are harassing him, and no one’s there 600
to save him from ruin and destruction.
But when he hears you’re still alive, [490]
his heart feels joy, for every day he hopes
he’ll see his dear son come back home from Troy.
But I’m completely doomed to misery,
for I fathered the best sons in spacious Troy,
yet I say now not one of them remains.
I had fifty when Achaea’s sons arrived—
nineteen born from the same mother’s womb,
others the women of the palace bore me. 610
Angry Ares drained the life of most of them.
But I had one left, guardian of our city,
protector of its people. You’ve just killed him,
as he was fighting for his native country. [500]
I mean Hector. For his sake I’ve come here,
to Achaea’s ships, to win him back from you.
And I’ve brought a ransom beyond counting.
So Achilles, show deference to the gods
and pity for myself, remembering
your own father. Of the two old men, 620
I’m more pitiful, because I have endured
what no living mortal on this earth has borne—
I’ve lifted up to my own lips and kissed
the hands of the man who killed my son.”

Priam finished. His words roused in Achilles
a desire to weep for his own father. Taking Priam’s hand,
he gently moved him back. So the two men there
both remembered warriors who’d been slaughtered.
Priam, lying at Achilles’ feet, wept aloud [510]
for man-killing Hector, and Achilles also wept 630
for his own father and once more for Patroclus.
The sound of their lamenting filled the house.

When godlike Achilles had had enough of weeping,
when the need to mourn had left his heart and limbs,
he stood up quickly from his seat, then with his hand
helped the old man to his feet, feeling pity
for that grey head and beard. Then Achilles spoke—
his words had wings:

“You unhappy man,
your heart’s had to endure so many evils.
How could you dare come to Achaea’s ships, 640
and come alone, to rest your eyes on me, [520]
when I’ve killed so many noble sons of yours?
You must have a heart of iron. But come now,
sit on this chair. Though we’re both feeling pain,
we’ll let our grief lie quiet on our hearts.
For there’s no benefit in frigid tears.
That’s the way the gods have spun the threads
for wretched mortal men, so they live in pain,
though gods themselves live on without a care.
On Zeus’ floor stand two jars which hold his gifts— 650
one has disastrous things, the other blessings.
When thunder-loving Zeus hands out a mixture,
that man will, at some point, meet with evil, [530]
then, some other time, with good. When Zeus’ gift
comes only from the jar containing evil,
he makes the man despised. A wicked frenzy
drives him all over sacred earth—he wanders
without honour from the gods or mortal men.
Consider Peleus. The gods gave him gifts,
splendid presents, right from birth. In wealth, 660
in his possessions, he surpassed all men.
And he was king over the Myrmidons.
Though he was a mortal, the gods gave him
a goddess for a wife. But even to him
the gods gave evil, too, for in his palace
there sprang up no line of princely children.
He had one son, doomed to an early death. [540]
I’ll not look after him as he grows old,
since I’m a long way from my native land,
sitting here in Troy, bringing pain to you 670
and to your children. Think of yourself, old man.
We hear that you were fortunate in former times.
In all the lands from Lesbos to the south,
where Macar ruled, and east to Phrygia,
to the boundless Hellespont, in all these lands,
old man, they say that you surpassed all men
for wealth and children. But from the time
you got disaster from the heavenly gods,
man-killing battles round your city
have never ceased. You must endure it all, 680
without a constant weeping in your heart.
You achieve nothing by grieving for your son. [550]
You won’t bring him to life again, not before
you’ll have to suffer yet another evil.”

Old godlike Priam then answered Achilles:

“Don’t make me sit down on a chair, my lord,
while Hector lies uncared for in your huts.
But quickly give him back, so my own eyes
can see him. And take the enormous ransom
we’ve brought here for you. May it give you joy. 690
And may you get back to your native land,
since you’ve now let me live to see the sunlight.”

With an angry look, swift-footed Achilles snapped at Priam:

“Old man, don’t provoke me. I myself intend [560]
to give you Hector. Zeus sent me here
a messenger, the mother who bore me,
a daughter of the Old Man of the Sea.
And in my heart, Priam, I recognize—
it’s no secret to me—that some god
led you here to the swift Achaean ships. 700
No matter how young and strong, no living man
would dare to make the trip to our encampment.
He could not evade the sentries or push back
our door bolts—that would not be easy.
So don’t agitate my grieving heart still more,
or I might not spare even you, old man,
though you’re a suppliant here in my hut. [570]
I could transgress what Zeus has ordered.”

Achilles spoke. The old man, afraid, obeyed him.
Then Peleus’ son sprang to the door, like a lion. 710
Not alone—his two attendants went out with him,
warrior Automedon and Alcimus, whom he honoured
the most of his companions after dead Patroclus.
They freed the mules and horses from their harnesses,
led in the herald, the old man’s crier, sat him on a stool.
Then from the polished wagon they brought in
that priceless ransom for Hector’s head, leaving there
two cloaks and a thickly woven tunic, so Achilles [580]
could wrap up the corpse before he gave it back
for Priam to take home. Achilles then called out, 720
ordering his servant women to wash the body,
and then anoint it, after moving it away,
so Priam wouldn’t see his son, then, heart-stricken,
be unable to contain his anger at the sight.
Achilles’ own spirit might then get so aroused
he could kill Priam, disobeying Zeus’ orders.
Servants washed the corpse, anointed it with oil,
and put a lovely cloak and tunic round it.
Achilles himself lifted it and placed it on a bier.
Then together he and his companions set it 730 [590]
on the polished wagon. Achilles, with a groan,
called to his dear companion:

“O Patroclus,
don’t be angry with me, if you learn,
even in Hades’ house, that I gave back
godlike Hector to his dear father.
He’s brought to me a fitting ransom.
I’ll be giving you your full share of it,
as is appropriate.”

Godlike Achilles spoke,
then went back once more into the hut and sat
on the richly decorated chair he’d left 740
by the opposite wall. Then he spoke to Priam:

“Old man, your son has been given back,
as you requested. He’s lying on a bier. [600]
You’ll see him for yourself at day break,
when you take him. We should think of eating.
Even fair-haired Niobe remembered food,
with twelve of her own children murdered in her home,
her six young daughters and her six strong sons.
Apollo was so enraged at Niobe,
with his silver bow he killed the sons. The daughters 750
Artemis the Archer slaughtered, for Niobe
had compared herself to lovely Leto,
saying the goddess only had two children,
while she had given birth to many. Even so,
though only two, those gods killed all her children.
For nine days they lay in their own blood— [610]
there was no one there to give them burial.
Cronos’ son had turned the people all to stone.
The tenth day, the gods in heaven buried them.
That’s when, worn out with weeping, Niobe 760
had thoughts of food. And now, somewhere in the rocks
in Sipylus, among the lonely mountains,
where, men say, goddess nymphs lie down to sleep,
the ones that dance beside the Achelous,
there Niobe, though turned to stone, still broods,
thinking of the pain the gods have given her.
But come, royal old man, let’s think of food.
Later you can lament for your dear son,
when you have taken him to Ilion, [620]
where you’ll shed many tears for him.”  
3. We started with Paris, but did not finish. We will continue with him on Wednesday. 
1. Please read pages 185-top paragraph on 189 in your book. This is the beginning of The Iliad. If you stay on top of your reading, then you won't experience any anxiety.
2. You will have a quiz covering Helen, Priam, Paris, Menelaus, Agamemnon, Clytemnestra, and Iphigenia on Friday.
I look forward to seeing you on Wednesday.        

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Thursday, November 17th, 2016 and Monday, November 21

.Dear Mythology Kids,
 Each student received a character last class period  from The Iliad to research . I gave each student information covering his/her particular character. In addition, each student was asked to locate an additional source regarding the character.

Students were asked to use their Smart Phones in order to review the images offered below for their particular "Iliad Character." If you missed class on Monday, November 21st, please locate your assigned character, and then make sure you are familiar with the "story" behind each of the included images. These images will be used to help guide your instruction

You have no assignments over the Thanksgiving Break. Please do your best to always be present for class.












AJAX (greater)

AJAX (lesser)

Your FINAL exam!

Dear Mythology Kids, It's nice to "see" you again. Let me offer some "study guidance" for your final exam. Please ...