Tuesday, February 23, 2010

ODYSSEUS, PATROCULS, and the two charcters named AJAX!

Dear Mythology Students,

STOP MISSING CLASS! Missing class is like trying to enter Hades without an Obolus.We completed the following presentations: Odysseus, Patroclus, Ajax, the Greater and Ajax, the Lesser. Please review your handouts.

You were also given a new vocabulary word: ATROPHY
Please visit with someone in class regarding etymology, definition, and synonym.


1. Start reviewing for your "Iliad Quest," which will take place on Wed., March 3rd. There are three sections to the "Quest:"

Character Quotes

A list of events ..... you will need to identify if they took place within The Iliad or The Odyssey

You will see three clips from the movie Helen of Troy. I will mute the sound, and you will need to respond to some corresponding questions for the clips.

2. Please read "Niobe" pgs. 249-250

3. Please read "Pygmalion" pgs. 112-115
NOTE: These myths relate to the characters of Artemis and Aphrodite, and will heighten your understanding of the two goddesses.

4. Remember that Percy Jackson and the Lightening Thief is due on March 1st!

Odysseus, King of Ithaca, "inventor" of the Trojan Horse

1."When the moment came to stand by his sacred oath, Odysseus pretended to be mad, as it had been revealed to him in a prophecy that should he go to war, he would not return for twenty years. His duplicity was reveal when Palemedes placed Odysseus' son, Telemachus, in front of the plough. Odysseus avoided the child, proving he was of reasonable mind. He was compelled to join Menelaus' army.

2. "Once at war he proved to be a shrewd and wise general. In Greek myths the idea of the Wooden Horse, which defeated the Trojans and led to the destruction of the city, is Odysseus' idea."

1. "Renowned for his eloquent and persuasive speaking, Odysseus was called upon many times to give advice. Although he fought bravely he preferred strategy to heroics."
2. "...if anything went wrong...the men inside the wooden horse would surely die. Odysseus, as can be readily believed, had not overlooked this fact....he was prepared."

1. same as b2

2. same as b1

PATROCLUS, friend to Achilles

1. "Give me your armor. If they think I am you, the Trojans may pause and the worn-out Greeks have a breathing space. You and I are fresh. We may yet drive back the enemy."

2. "And indeed for a time Patroclus fought as gloriously as that great hero himself could have done."

1."You can wrath while your country men go down in ruin, " he cried to Achilles. "I cannot."
2. Same as B1

1. "Not even for Achilles' sake could he stay longer away from the battle."
2. Same as B1

AJAX, the Greater


1. "So awe inspiring Ajax, a tower of strength for the Greeks, rose and went into battle."

2. "He spoke little and slowly, but he had a good heart and tremendous courage."


Presentation will take place on Thursday


1."He is not wounded in any of the battles described in The Iliad, and he is the only principal character on either side who does not receive personal assistance from any of the gods who take part in the battles. "As such, he embodies the virtues of hard work and perseverance."

2. "They were soon rallied by Ajax, who, next to matchless Achilles, was the best-looking and best fighter of all the Greeks. He charged through the front of the line, fierce as a wild boar in the mountains who easily scatters the hounds and lively young huntsmen as it turns at bay in the glades. So glorious Ajax charged and easily scattered the ranks of Trojans, who had gathered round Patroclus and made up their minds that they were going to win the glory and drag his body into the city."

AJAX, the Lesser (Sorry, I couldn't find an image of him that I liked)


1. "Ajax, not the great Ajax, of course, who was dead, but a lesser chieftain of the same name--tore her from the altar and dragged her from the sanctuary."

2."Not one Greek protested against the sacrilege. Athena's wrath was deep. She to Poseidon and laid her wrongs before him. "Help me to vengeance," she said. "Give the Greeks a bitter homecoming. Stir up the waters with wild whirlwinds when they sail. Let dead men choke the bays and line the shores and reefs."


Presentation will occur on Thursday.


1."Athena herself threw a thunderbolt at Ajax's ship and sank it, but he swam ashore boasting that he had defied the anger of teh gods and escaped with is life."

2. "Yet there you are mouthing off as usual, and there is absolutely no need for it. There are many better men here than you, Ajax."

I look forward to seeing you on Thursday!

Your FINAL exam!

Dear Mythology Kids, It's nice to "see" you again. Let me offer some "study guidance" for your final exam. Please ...